II. Translate the following and check it up. (Substitutes for Modal Verbs)

1. Ядолжен был полоскать горло несколько раз в день. 2. В какой области науки вы сможете работать после того, как вы закончите институт? 3. На прошлой неделе мне не надо было докладывать о результатах своих опытов; я должен буду сделать это только в конце месяца.

1.1 had to gargle my throat several times a day. 2. In what branch of science will you be able to work after you graduate from the Institute? 3. Last week I did not have to report on the findings of my experiments. I shall have to do it only at the end of the month. III. Answer the following questions:

1. What does the surgeon suture with a fine needle during the operation? 2. Who bandages the wounds to surgical patients? 3. In what diseases is it recommended to gargle one's throat? 4. For what purposes are healing properties of some plants used? 5. What vessels does the oxygenated blood pass through?

Lesson 26. Lab. Work 31.

I. Translate the following and check up your answers:

A. 1. в чистом виде; 2. лекарство от головной боли; 3. удалить инородное тело; 4. Опасный для жизни; 5. сухая кожа; 6. внезапно исчезнуть; 7. общие свойства микроорганизмов; 8. оперироваться немедленно; 9. стараться дышать глубоко; 10. то же самое семейство растений

1. in a pure form; 2. a drug for a headache; 3. to extract a foreign body; 4. dangerous tolife; 5. dry skin; 6. to disappear suddenly; 7. common properties of microorganisms;

8. to be operated on immediately; 9. to try to breathe deeply; 10. the same family of plants

Б. 1. ввести чистый пенициллин; 2. принимать лекарство 3 раза вдень; 3. выделить чистую культуру; 4. быть опасным для людей; 5. вытирать руки; 6. ис­чезать быстро; 7. развиваться в обычной среде; 8. поступить в больницу немед­ленно; 9. пробовать новый метод лечения; 10. черствый хлеб

1. to introduce pure penicillin; 2. to take the drug three times a day-,3. to extract a pure culture; 4. to be dangerous forpeople; 5. to dry one's hands; 6. to disappear rapidly; 7. to develop in a common environment; 8. to be admitted to the hospital immediately; 9. to try a new method of treatment; 10. dry bread

II.Translate the following and check it up.

(The verbs "to be" and "to have" in all their functions)

1.Грипп - распространенное заболевание. 2. Больного гриппом лечат интерферроном. 3. Больной гриппом должен соблюдать постельный режим. 4. Обычно больной гриппом находится дома. 5. Сейчас я лежу в постели, так как у меня грипп. 6. У него болит горло. 7. Ему нужно полоскать горло три раза в день. 8. Врач уже осмотрел ему горло.

1. The grippe is a common disease. 2. A patient with the grippe is treated with interferron. 3. The patient with the grippe is to follow a bed regimen. 4. Usually a patient with the grippe is at home. 5. Now I am staying in bed as I have the grippe. 6. He has a sore throat. 7. He has to gargle his throat three times a day. 8. The doctor has already examined his throat.

III. Answer the following questions:

1. What disease is the most common especially in winter? 2. What tooth must a dentist extract? 3. What drug do we usually take for a bad headache? 4. In what form may hypertension be dangerous to life? 5. Why do some students fail at the examina­tions? 6. How must a student work not to fail in his studies?

Cycle IV. Topic Questions

MICROORGANISMS

1. What two main groups are all existing microorganisms divided into? 2. What must aerobic microorganisms have for their life and growth? 3. How does atmospheric free oxygen influence the development of anaerobic microorganisms? 4. What groups are bacteria divided into according to their shape? 5. What happens to bacteria when they multiply? 6. Due to what are the invading virulent microorganisms destroyed? 7. In what case may a local or general infection occur? 8. What organisms can be revealed under the microscope in the alveoli of the lungs of a man with lobar pneumonia? 9. What first protective barriers has the human organism? 10. What conclusion was I. I. Mechnikov able to come to after his numerous investigations on the role of leucocytes?

ROBERT KOCH ANDTHE DISCOVERY OF CHOLERA BACTERIUM

1. The founder of what science was R. Koch? 2. When did he live? 3. Due to what discovery did R. Koch become known all over the world? 4. Why did R. Koch go to Egypt in 1883? 5. Why did R. Koch become interested in the study of cholera? 6. What did R. Koch find in trie blood, kidneys, spleen, liver and lungs of the people who died of cholera? 7. Where did R. Koch find the cholera microorganisms when he examined the corpses and thediseased people? 8. What did these microorganisms look like? 9. What did R. Koch reveal in the muddy water from the streets of Kalkutta? 10, What did R. Koch prove about the way of invasion of cholera bacteria?

THE FOUNDER OF VIROLOGY

1. Do you know who D. 1. Ivanovsky was? 2. What University did he graduate from? 3. What did he begirt to study after his graduation from the University? 4. What conclu­sion was he able to come to investigating the tobacco mosaic disease? 5. What did he do to catch the smallest bacteria? 6. What microorganisms did the scientists of those days consider were the smallest living organisms? 7. What was D. I. Ivanovsky able to prove when he introduced the filtrate of the diseased plants to healthy ones? 8. What are the smallest living organisms which D I. Ivanovsky discovered called? 9. What new branch of microbiology did D. I. Ivanovsky establish?

ALEXANDER FLEMING

1. What did A. Fleming become interested in while doing his research work at a London hospital? 2. What did A. Fleming notice on a plate where some mould had grown? 3. What did A. Fleming determine about the properties of this mould? 4. What did he call this substance? 5. When and on whom was penicillin tried first? 6. What prize did A. Fleming receive for his great discovery? 7. What did A. Fleming say about his discovery?

Lesson 27. Lab. Work 32.

I. Translate the following and check up your answers:

A. 1.заполнить температурный лист; 2. медицинское учреждение; 3. в опре­деленное время; 4. позвонить в поликлинику; 5. больной младенец; 6. получить больничный лист; 7. пойти на вызов; 8. приемные часы; 9. жаловаться на боль в суставах; 10 назначить правильное лечение

1. to fill in a temperature chart; 2. a medical institution; 3. at a definite time; 4. to ring up the polyclinic; 5. a sick infant; 6. to receive a sick-leave; 7. to go out to the call; 8. consulting hours; 9. to complain of the pain in the joints; 10. to administer a correct treatment

Б. 1. заполнить карточку больного; 2. высшее учебное заведение; 3. В определенный день; 4. позвонить врачу; 5, больной мужчина; 6. находиться (быть) на больничном листе; 7. вызвать врача к больной девочке; 8. кабинет врача; 9. жалобы на сильные боли в желудке; 10. поставить правильный диагноз

1. to fill in a patient's card; 2. a higher education institution, an institution of high ration; 3. on a definite day; 4. to ring up the physician; 5. a sick male (man); 6. to be education a sick-leave; 7. to call in a physician to a sick girl; 8. a doctor's consulting room; 9. the complaints of a bad stomachache; 10. to make a correct diagnosis

II. Translate the following and check it up:

1. Почему вы выглядите больным? 2. Вчера я заболел гриппом. 3. Чем он болен? 4. В поликлинику поступил только что еще один вызов. 5. Вы уже вызвали врача? 6. Как называется это заболевание?

1. Why do you look ill? 2. Yesterday I fell ill with the grippe. 3. What is he ill with? 4. Another call has just come to the polyclinic. 5. Have you already called in a doctor? 6. What is this disease called?

III. Answer the following questions:

1. Who is a microbiologist? 2. Who is a surgeon? 3. Who is a cardiologist? 4. Who is a neurologist? 5. Who is an otolaryngologist?

Lesson 28. Lab. Work 33.

I. Translate the following and check up your answers:

A. 1. принимать лекарство внутрь; 2. сухой кашель; 3. легкий вес; 4. обнаружить влажные хрипы; 5. накапливаться в бронхах; 6. острая боль; 7. сильная простуда; 8. жаловаться на кашель; 9. пора принимать микстуру от кашля; 10. соблюдать постельный режим

1. to take the medicine orally; 2. a dry cough; 3. a light weight; 4. to reveal moist rales; 5. to accumulate in the bronchi; 6. acute pain; 7. a bad cold; 8. to complain of cough; 9. it's time to take the cough mixture; 10. to follow a bed regimen

Б. 1. назначить лекарство внутрь; 2. влажный кашель; 3. легкая пища; 4. слы­шать сухие хрипы; 5. быстро накапливаться; 6. острая форма заболевания; 7. силь­но простудиться; 8. сильно кашлять; 9. принимать лекарство 3 раза вдень; 10. со­провождаемая постоянными головными болями

1. to administer the medicine orally; 2. a moist cough; 3. light food; 4. to hear dry rales; 5. to accumulate rapidly; 6. an acute form of a disease; 7. to catch a bad cold; 8. to have a bad cough (to cough badly); 9. to take a medicine (drug) three times a day; 10. fol­lowed by constant headaches

II. Answer the following questions:

1. What medicine is recommended to be taken for cough? 2. What respiratory or­gans can rules be heard in? 3. The symptom of what disease may acute abdomen be? 4. In which season of the year do people often catch a cold? 5. What accumulates in the bronchi in case of a respiratory disease? 6. In case of what disease must a patient follow a light diet? 7. What medicines are usually taken orally?

Lesson 29. Lab. Work 34.

I. Translate the following and check up your answers:

A. 1. бояться простудиться; 2. почувствовать большое облегчение; 3. болезнь сердца; 4. подойти к больному отделу желудка во время операции; 5. испытывать беспокойство; 6. лечащий (палатный) врач;7. сомневаться в диагнозе; 8. острая боль в желудке; 9. большая палата; 10. жаловаться на бессонницу

1. to be afraid of catching a cold; 2. to feel a great relief; 3. a heart trouble; 4. to approach the diseased portion of the stomach during the operation; 5. to feel trouble; 6. a ward doctor; 7. to have doubt about the diagnosis (to doubt the diagnosis); 8. an acute stomachache; 9. a large ward; 10. to complain of sleeplessness

Б. 1. бояться сделать грубую ошибку; 2. принести (дать) некоторое облегчение;

3. острое заболевание почек; 4. подойти к постели больного; 5. Что вас беспокоит?6. приемный покой; 7. сомневаться в некоторых фактах; 8. сильно болеть;9. светлая палата; 10. войта в палату

1. to be afraid to make a bad mistake; 2. to give some relief: 3. an acute kidney trouble;

4. to approach the patient's bedside; 5. What is troubling you? 6. a reception ward; 7. To doubt some facts; 8. to ache badly; 9. a light ward; 10. to enter the ward