1. The first settlers were mostly hunters from Scotland.
2. Like most of Western Europe, Ireland experienced the barbarian invasions of the early medieval period.
3. During the ninth and tenth centuries, Ireland was rarely raided by the Vikings.
4. In 1169 the Normans captured Dublin.
5. The Normans and their descendants were an influential presence in Ireland for 400 years.
6. In 1689 James II arrived with his army from Britain.
7. In 1829 Catholic Emancipation removed most disabilities against Protestants in Ireland.
8. A Home Rule Bill was finally enacted in 1914.
9. Eamon de Valera was the first President of Ireland.
10. During World War II the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland remained neutral.
11. The Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community in 1973.
Ex. 5. Give the English equivalents for the following words and expressions:
населять, первые поселенцы, завоеватели, ремесло, святой покровитель, вторжения варваров, расцвет искусства и культуры, основать поселение, установить контроль, восстание, завоевать право заседать в парламенте, подавлять, гражданская война, оставаться нейтральным, вводить конституцию, быть принятым куда-либо, вступать куда-либо.
Ex. 6. Tell your group-mates what the following people are famous for:
St. Patrick, Brian Boru, Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Oliver Cromwell, James II, Daniel O’Connell, Parnell, Eamon de Valera.
Ex. 7. Choose the period in the history of Ireland and make a short report about it using any additional sources.
Учебное пособие для вузов.
Составители ВерещагинаЕлена Николаевна
Федеральное агентство по образованию
Государственное образовательное учреждение
высшего профессионального образования
«Воронежский государственный университет»
Учебно-методическое пособие для вузов
Утверждено Научно-методическим Советом факультета РГФ. Протокол
№ 6 от 14.06.2011 г.
Рецензент: канд. филол. наук, доцент Стрельникова М.А.
Учебное пособие подготовлено на кафедре английского языка гуманитарных факультетов факультета РГФ Воронежского государственного университета.
Рекомендуется для студентов I курса исторического факультета по специальностям 030401 «История», 030201 «Политология», 040201 «Социология», 032001 «Документоведение», изучающих английский язык.
Ex. 1. Find out what your group mates know about Canada. Ask as many questions as you can. Follow the example: What is the capital of Canada? Where is this country situated?
Ex. 2. Read the text below and divide it into 4 paragraphs.
Covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States, Canada has an extremely varied topography. In the east, the mountainous provinces have an irregular coastline on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic. The St. Lawrence plain, covering most of southern Quebec and Ontario, and the interior continental plain, covering southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and most of Alberta, are the principal cultivable areas. They are separated by a forested plateau rising from Lakes Superior and Huron. Westward toward the Pacific, most of British Columbia, the Yukon, and part of western Alberta are covered by parallel mountain ranges, including the Rockies. The Pacific border of the coast range is ragged with fjords and channels. The highest point in Canada is Mount Logan (19,850 ft; 6,050 m), which is in the Yukon. The two principal river systems are the Mackenzie and the St. Lawrence. The St. Lawrence is navigable for over 1,900 mi (3,058 km). Canada is a federation of ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut). Formally considered a constitutional monarchy, Canada is governed by its own House of Commons. While the governor-general is officially the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, in reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister. The capital of Canada is Ottawa. It was founded in 1826–32, and originally was named as Bytown, in honour of John By (1781–1836), whose army engineers were building the Rideau Canal. In 1854 it was renamed after the Ottawa River, the name deriving from the Outaouac, native Canadian Algonquin people of the area. The city lies on the Trans-Canada Highway, and the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific main railway lines, 355 km northeast of Toronto and 177 km west of Montréal. Ottawa has 29 museums and galleries. The National Arts Centre (1969) comprises conference halls, an opera house, theatre, and arts complex. Ottawa is famous for its Tulip Festival, which is held annually in May. It began in 1945, when Holland sent 100,000 bulbs to show their gratitude for Canada's role in liberating their country. The Ottawa International Chamber Music Festival, the world's largest of its kind, has been held annually since 1993.